United States of America

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United States of America
United States of America.png
Government type Democracy
Ruling party Democratic Party (conservative)
Capital Washington (ID 220)
Population 4 million
Primary culture Yankee
Literacy 42%
National value Liberty
Tech school Business Schools & Tycoon Capitalism
Status Great power

The United States of America or USA is initially the only great power outside of Europe and controls a large portion of North America. While it starts in only moderately favorable conditions, it has enormous growth potential. It is a forgiving start for a new player that allows a wide variety of strategies, from pursuing America's historical path of Manifest Destiny and the establishment of hegemony over the western hemisphere, to competition with the other great powers for the creation of a colonial empire in Asia and Africa. With A House Divided the US has access to a wide variety of country-specific decisions and events.

Historical path[edit]

The 19th century was a time in which the United States rose to become the dominant power in the Americas. Under the guise of Manifest Destiny, the idea that the American people were destined to "conquer the west", the young nation expanded greatly. In the northwest border conflicts with British-held Canada were settled peacefully, with the border line being drawn at the 49th parallel. In the west and southwest the United States absorbed Texas after that country's successful bid for independence from Mexico, while the Mexican–American War and the Gadsden Purchase (not modeled in the game) led to an enormous cession of Mexican-claimed land to the United States. The issues of slavery and states' rights led to the vicious Civil War, resulting in the defeat of the secessionist states and the abolition of slavery. Now stretching from coast to coast, the US would grow still further with the purchase of Alaska. At home the Monroe Doctrine and later the Roosevelt Corollary ensured that the Americas saw only limited influence from other Great Powers and that the US was able to assert its dominance against minor countries in the region. Abroad America began to establish its own empire, obtaining concessions in China and Panama, forcing open trade with Japan, annexing Hawaii and most of the Spanish colonies, and rapidly laying claim to uninhabited Pacific islands.

Starting conditions[edit]

In 1836, the United States is already a large country and a great power. Its military, population, and economy are lacking, but opportunities for growth abound, especially considering the high American literacy rate and starting research.

Territory[edit]

The US has grown far past its original thirteen states, but control of much land in the west is tenuous; many regions are not yet full states, are populated by non-accepted cultures, and have a very low population. The northern population is mostly Yankee, the primary culture, while southerners are mostly Dixie, an accepted culture. The regions of Oklahoma, Colorado, Idaho, and British Columbia are still open for colonization, and successful colonization of Idaho brings access to Oregon and Washington. To the southwest, Texas will apply for statehood if it wins its war of independence and has a good relationship with the US, and further west great swathes of Mexican territory will receive American cores with the Manifest Destiny decision. One American core, Caribou, is in British hands; it can be obtained peacefully through the Webster-Ashburton Treaty.

Government[edit]

The conservative Democratic Party has broad control over America's democracy. Some of their party issues are jingoism and interventionism. No social reforms have been enacted except the 10-hour workday, while in the political sphere, the states are represented by two members each in the upper house, voting is biased towards the wealthy and suffers from gerrymandering, slavery is allowed in certain states, but unions and meetings are entirely free.

Economy[edit]

America is in the enviable position of controlling a broad range of resources, and having the option of obtaining many more. Timber is available in New England, coal in West Virginia, and iron in Pennsylvania. Meanwhile, the south is filled with cash crops like cotton and tobacco. Few factories dot the landscape, however, and its low population and interventionist economics mean that the US will not readily industrialize initially. More craftsmen and capitalists are necessary to bring the nation's full economic potential to bear.

Foreign relations[edit]

The United States borders Texas to the southwest, the United Kingdom to the north, and Mexico to the west. The Russian Empire controls Alaska to the far northwest. The UK may release Canada, Newfoundland and Columbia as dominions, while Deseret and the Californian Republic may split off from Mexico. Many countries start the game with a positive view of the United States and are willing to form an alliance with it; the primary exception is Mexico. Texas is especially eager for help from its large northern neighbor and once it is at peace it will seek statehood if relations are above 175. Mexico and the United Kingdom will be colonial rivals when it comes to settling the western territories; though they intend to contain American expansion, they are unlikely to attempt conquest of the United States.

Decisions and events[edit]

The United States has many decisions and events relating to its historical path. Most are centered around the Civil War, as this was the focus of the expansion A House Divided. Because these events and decisions are largely related, they are grouped separately.

Civil war[edit]

Decisions[edit]

Events[edit]

National decisions[edit]

National events[edit]

Guide[edit]

The United States' first priority is to make full use of its capacity for territorial expansion. Colonization, the annexation of Texas and war with Mexico (after enacting Manifest Destiny) are sensible directions to go in. After this, promoting capitalism and economic development will allow the US to build up a massive power-base from which to project diplomatic and military power, both in the western hemisphere and further abroad. The conscience gain from many slavery-related events may be exploited to enact desirable political reforms, but is also likely to lead to rebellion. The Civil War is an almost inevitable occurrence and players should prepare accordingly.

Early colonization[edit]

Colonization provides an almost free way to expand American territory, and means that fewer wars will be required to obtain all of America's Manifest Destiny cores. It is thus in the US' best interest to colonize as fast as possible. The US should be able to win a colonial competition with Mexico in any region and stave off the UK. However, this will stretch American colonial power to the limit. Converting territories into states retrieves invested colonial points and should thus be a priority; using the national focus to encourage bureaucrats in territories containing accepted cultures will accelerate this process. Importantly, the UK will usually not colonize Washington or Idaho before it successfully colonizes British Columbia. To this end, a wise American player can compete in British Columbia, to be able to obtain those states without competition. The UK and the US can match each other's colonization rate, but the US obtaining British Columbia is unlikely; an international crisis will probably develop and at this point in time the United States cannot compete with Britain on the international stage.

Texas and the Mexican-American War[edit]

At the game start Mexico is attempting to annex a freshly-independent Texas. Texas' war goal is simply to make peace though it can demand two of its cores still held by Mexico if the war goes well. Because Texas can apply for statehood once it is at peace it is in the US' best interest to ensure it wins its war. Unfortunately, the Texan military is much smaller than the Mexican army. Texas benefits from having a strong defensive general, Sam Houston, but will usually lose the war. Once Texas begins to lose the war the US can come to its aid as Texas has a "Friendly" opinion of America. Keeping troops on the Texan border, ready for intervention, is advisable.

An unusual strategy for gaining Texas cores, is to form an alliance with Texas at game start but not intervene traditionally. Instead, at game start, justify an acquire state CB against Mexico (or some other CB). Get Texas to give your troops military access. When the CB becomes available, declare your own war with Mexico. This allows the United States to destroy Mexico's army, allowing Texas to go on to not only win its war, but add a casus belli of acquiring the rest of its cores from Mexico in the process. When both wars are complete, the United States can annex a whole Texas instead of just a partial one, and also gains whatever its goal was with Mexico.

Upon enacting the Manifest Destiny decision the US gets cores on all of its modern-day contiguous territory. Mexico is weak and the territory is valuable, so a war with Mexico to obtain these core provinces is logical. A typical approach would be to place one's main force in Texas to defeat any Mexican armies, while weaker forces spread out of the cores to occupy them. If Mexico has developed the territories too much it may not be possible to obtain all of them in one war; their war score will total up to more than 100. In this case a second war is necessary.

Industrialization[edit]

Building factories and infrastructure can give the US an economic edge over the rest of the world. As always, industrialization requires enough resources, infrastructure, craftsmen, clerks, capitalists, and capital. The American political parties offer a choice between interventionism and laissez-faire as economic policy. The US is not shy for resources, but lacks in infrastructure and the right POPs. The US should be able to obtain more than enough funds by cutting down on the army and navy, and potentially raising tariffs. Using interventionism to build up infrastructure and to subsidize burgeoning industry can make development quicker, while laissez-faire will allow the economy to grow well once it has reached critical mass. Craftsmen tend to become available as necessary, leaving clerks and capitalists as the limitations on American industry. The population of both can be increased through use of national foci, but increasing literacy and lowering taxes on the rich is a more systematic way of encouraging their growth.

Civil War[edit]

The various slavery-related events almost unavoidably lead to A House Divided, which releases the Confederate States of America and starts the civil war. Players get the choice to continue as the USA or switch the CSA. Because the player has foreknowledge of the Civil War it can be stacked against either side. Only slave states will get CSA cores, and soldiers from CSA states will come under CSA control when the war happens. Depending on the side the player intends to choose they may limit the CSA to only the original slave states and have a large blockade in place at the start of the war, or they may grant it cores on all newly acquired states and rob the USA of its navy. Either side's army can be neutered by disbanding Yankee or Dixie troops sometime before the war breaks out. Winning the Civil War as the Union allows the Afro-American culture to be added as an acceptable culture. Rarely, the civil war may be prevented if the player manages to declare slavery illegal before the civil war has triggered.

Further expansion[edit]

Once the Mexican cores have been acquired and the Civil War has been dealt with, the US has a lot of options open to it. Increasing population and industry supply it with the wealth and manpower to increase the size of its army and the creation of new states frees a lot of colonial points. Decisions allow for the Alaska purchase and annexation of Hawaii, the latter being a useful jumping board for colonization of the Pacific islands. If the Ostend Manifesto decision was enacted before the Civil War Cuba will be an American core. Building the Panama Canal is a sensible choice. Beyond cores and decisions, expanding into Mexico is no great military challenge, nor is annexing other countries in the western hemisphere. Seizing colonies from the great powers or expanding into Canada, however, requires careful thought and military preparation, though they are by no means out of reach for a player willing to take the infamy penalty.